Kidney disease

Kidney diseaseWhat are the main symptoms of kidney disease? The main symptoms in patients with kidney diseases associated with changes in separation of urine and manifest a variety of violations of diuresis. What diuresis? The process of formation and excretion of urine is called diuresis. The total number of urine during the day (daily diuresis), ranges from 1000 to 1800 ml, however, may increase or decrease depending on the physiological conditions or the presence of certain diseases. What oliguria and in some cases, the eye may be observed in the patient? Decrease in urine output less than 500 ml per day (oliguria) found, for example, increased perspiration, reduced fluid intake, during the emergence and rise of edema in patients with congestive heart failure, acute inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidneys (acute glomerulonephritis), poisoning by nephrotoxic poisons. What anuria and in what cases it can be observed in the patient? Complete cessation of receipt of urine in the bladder is called anuriey. Such a condition occurs, for example, in shock, serious injury, poisoning by salts of heavy metals, the violation of the outflow of urine from the renal pelvis and ureters (due to compression of the ureter tumor or obturation of the clearance stone). In the absence of timely assistance it leads to rapidly increasing intoxication produktami nitrogen metabolism and death. What are distinguishing signs of isurei? From anuria is necessary to distinguish Isuzu - urine caused by the inability to empty the bladder. What is polyuria, and in what cases it can be observed in the patient? The increase in the daily diuresis (sometimes up to 20 liters or more per day) is called polyuria. Polyuria happens when large quantities of liquid, the treatment of diuretic drugs, diabetes insipidus and diabetes. In some cases, patients may pollakiuriya and stranguria? Frequent urination (more than 6 times per day) is called pollakiuria and occurs most often when inflammation of the bladder (cystitis) and prostate gland (prostatitis), prostate cancer, and diseases accompanied by polyuria. Pollakiuriya in acute cystitis is often combined with painful urination (stranguria). What state are combined in the concept of "dysuric disorders"? Painful, increased and difficult urination are combined in the concept of dysuric disorders. What is enuresis and incontinence? Violations of diuresis is urinary incontinence, which can be expressed in all day or only at night (enuresis). What is nocturia and what are the reasons for its development? In normal conditions 60-80 % of the daily amount of urine excreted during the day (between 8 to 20 hours). In some diseases (chronic heart failure) by improving kidney function and heart in the horizontal position of the patient is a big part of daily diuresis may occur at night. Such a change in the circadian rhythm of urine output is called nocturia..

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